In Okinawa, Japan, a Blue Zone (regions with higher concentrations of centenarians), longevity is attributed to their practice of the moai tradition. A moai is a support group that is formed in childhood and lasts a lifetime. They originated hundreds of years ago as a means for a village’s financial support to fund community projects or to help a member who is facing a financial hardship. Today they are more of a social support network where members meet anywhere from a few times a week to a few times a day to gossip, share advice, and, at times, provide financial support. Each member of the moai recognizes that they all need each other equally, and that having this support takes some of the stress out of life.
Another powerful example of the magic of human connection comes from the community of Roseto, Pennsylvania. In 1961, Roseto was an extremely tight-knit Italian-American community that caught the attention of Stewart Wolf, who was then the head of Medicine at the University of Oklahoma, due to its extremely low rate of heart attacks, compared to the rest of the area. When Wolf discovered that this community embraced a high risk lifestyle, which included cigarettes, copious amounts of wine and a diet of meatballs and fried cheese, he decided to further investigate. What he found was that this community strongly valued family ties- elders were held in high regard, housewives were respected and there was no “keeping up with the joneses”. Translation — there was less stress. As this community became more Americanized and the traditional Italian family structure went by the wayside, the rate of heart attacks became similar to those of the surrounding towns.
Humans are wired for connection. This dates back to our tribal days when being part of a tribe meant protection from rival tribes. You know, the whole “strength in numbers” concept. Sadly, we have ignored this very basic human construct, and loneliness and isolation are on the rise, according to a study done by the American Psychological Association. Dr. Michelle C. Carlson, a professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, calls this uptick in loneliness “a public health issue.” The pandemic has worsened the situation. With people being forced to isolate, our connection muscles have atrophied.
This is a problem. Loneliness has more adverse effects on our health than smoking, obesity or high blood pressure. It has also been linked to depression, anxiety, and later in life, cognitive decline. Conversely, people who feel satisfied by their connections reportedly experience higher self-esteem, are happier, and — as we have seen in Okinawa, Japan and Roseto, Pennsylvania — live longer.
The quality of your connections matters. It has nothing to do with how popular you are on social media or the quantity of friends you have. I love researcher Brene Brown’s definition of connection: “Connection is the energy that is created between people when they feel seen, heard, and valued; when they can give and receive without judgment.”
But that’s not to say that weak ties to people don’t also have their pluses. They can often give you that social fix without the complications that close friendships can bring. I will never forget my strongest weak tie, which was the mailman who serviced the neighborhood my office was in in Boston. I would always run into him on my way to lunch and it was a bright spot in my day. He would talk about his wife and kids and I would talk about my dating woes. We never saw each other outside of that context, but he obviously made a big impression on me. When I left Boston, he gave me a beautiful picture of the Boston skyline. Bottom line — don’t underestimate the power of the weak tie.
Now that the world has opened back up, we can get back to connecting with each other — hopefully with a newfound appreciation for even the slightest connection. Feel like you need some guidance on how to get back out there? Below are a few ideas that will get you back in the saddle.
Volunteering is a great way to meet like-minded people. I met one of my best friends on my college Alternative Spring Break trip (which was a really, really long time ago). People who volunteer have also been shown to have lower rates of depression and higher self-esteem.